The Texas Research Data Center (RDC) hostied the 2016 FSRDC Research Conference on September 15, 2016. The Texas RDC is supported by a multi-university consortium involving Texas A&M University, Texas A&M University System, Baylor University, Rice University, The University of Texas at Austin and The University of Texas at San Antonio. The conference was a day of concurrent paper and poster sessions and a keynote presentation. Sessions were based on current or recent research using data from the nationwide network of RDCs. Themes include, research topics from the fields of economics, business and management, demography, and health and developments in data sets. Papers and posters involved statistical analyses on nonpublic versions of data sets available from the U.S. Census Bureau, the National Center for Health Statistics, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and other federal statistical agencies.